What are antioxidant :
Antioxidants are molecules that help avoid cell damage caused by free radicals, which are lacking an electron and thus made unstable. A free radical atom or molecule is attacking the nearest stable Molecule and “steal” a replacement electron, resulting in cell damage. The victimized molecule, now lacking an electron, is transformed into a free radical in search of its own replacement electron, triggering a chain reaction of damage.
Antioxidants, including vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene, neutralize the damage by offering one of their own electrons, thereby helping to prevent cell and tissue breakdowns that can lead to further damage and disease — from wrinkles and hyperpigmentation to chronic conditions, including cancer and cardiovascular disease.
- Reducing Inflammation:
Free radicals and inflammation go hand in hand. But due in part to this close relation, antioxidants will potentially minimize inflammation as they neutralize free radicals. These can also interact with pathways that contribute to chronic inflammation of the skin, in effect calming redness, flaccidity, and other signs of inflammation of the skin. It brings us to the next point, too.
- Help to prevents signs of aging:
Chronic inflammation is so closely related to symptoms of aging that there is a new term for it: ‘inflammatory.’ But antioxidants can help: by alleviating oxidative stress and reducing inflammation in the skin, antioxidants can slow down the resulting wrinkles, lines, and hyperpigmentation. Their presence may also be important in terms of exposure to the sun. While sunscreen is the best first-line defense, antioxidants can intercept free radicals from any sunlight that may slip through.
- Help to treat acne:
Given the growing body of evidence on the effect of antioxidants on inflammation, it is no surprise that antioxidants are increasingly being used to treat inflammatory skin conditions such as acne. Not only can acne-prone individuals show symptoms of elevated oxidative stress systemically — including lower blood levels of antioxidant vitamins such as A and E— but also that oxidative stress may trigger a wave of inflammation that ultimately stimulates the outbreak. Antioxidants have put a stop to this oxidative stress by reducing it. (This also explains the promising correlation between antioxidants and cystic acne)
- Can help treat rosacea:
Antioxidants are equally beneficial in the treatment of rosacea, another inflammatory skin condition that causes blemishes, facial redness, visible blood vessels, and sensitive, dry skin. Rosacea is linked to damage caused by UV and oxidative stress, which explains why some of the most effective agents in the fight against the disease are those with anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, the efficacy of some antibiotics in the treatment of rosacea may be due to their antioxidant effects.
- Can help brighten your skin:
UV exposure can increase the development of melanin in the skin, leading to sunspots, dark spots, and other types of hyperpigmentation. Because antioxidants are a backup to your sunscreen, they can help keep your skin tone bright and even. Not only do they stymie free radicals that kick-start pigment production, but some, such as vitamin C, actually stop the process completely.
- Can help to moisturize your skin:
Some antioxidants have properties that go far beyond neutralizing free radicals. Some, such as vitamin E and niacin amide, even double as a moisturizing agent and can even bolster the skin’s protective moisture barrier.
- Prevent skin from sunburn:
Think of the sunburn: warm, painful to the touch, flaky. These are all hallmarks of inflammation, which explains why anti-inflammatory antioxidants can help prevent sunburn in addition to unseen cell damage. If you know you ‘re going to spend the afternoon outdoors, pair your sunscreen with antioxidant treatment for the best possible protection.