Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis is defined as a set of psychological theories and therapeutic techniques that have their origin in the work and theories of Sigmund Freud. The core idea at the center of psychoanalysis is the belief that all people possess unconscious thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories.

Who is the father of Psychoanalysis?

Sigmund Freud: The Father of Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) developed psychoanalytic theory in the Late 19th and early 20th centuries in Vienna, where he spent most of his life. Several other noted psychoanalysts and theorists have contributed to this body of knowledge, but Freud is its undisputed founder. Many clinicians and Theorists did not agree with much of Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and later .

Developed their own theories and styles of treatment Psychoanalytic theory supports the notion that all human behavior is caused and can be explained (deterministic theory). Freud believed that repressed(driven from conscious awareness) sexual impulses and desires motivate much human behavior. He developed his initial ideas and explanations of human behavior from his experiences with a few clients, all of them women who displayed unusual behaviors such as disturbances of sight and speech, inability to eat, and paralysis of limbs.

These symptoms had no diagnosed physiologic basis, so Freud considered them to be “hysterical” or neurotic behaviors of women. After several years of working with these women, Freud concluded that many of their problems resulted from childhood trauma or failure to complete tasks of psychosexual development. These women repressed their unmet needs and sexual feelings as well as traumatic events. The “hysterical” or neurotic behaviors resulted from these unresolved conflicts.

Personality Components:

  • Id
  • Ego and SuperEgo

Personality structure as having three components:

  • The Id -is the part of one’s nature that reflects basic or innate desires such as pleasure-seeking behavior, aggression, and sexual impulses. The id seeks instant gratification, causes impulsive unthinking behavior, and has no regard for rules or social convention.
  • The Superego is the part of a person’s nature that reflects moral and ethical concepts, values, and parental and social expectations; therefore, it is in direct opposition to the id.
  • The third component, the Ego, is the balancing or mediating force between the id and the superego. The ego represents mature and adaptive behavior that allows a person to function successfully in the world. Freud believed that anxiety resulted from the ego’s attempts to balance the impulsive instincts of the id with the stringent rules of the superego

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