Rape And Sexual Assualt

Rape is the perpetration of an act of sexual intercourse with a person against His or her will and without her consent, whether that will is overcome by force, fear of force, drugs, or intoxicants. Rape is a crime of violence and humiliation of the victim expressed through sexual means.

It is also considered rape if the victim is incapable of exercising rational judgment because of mental deficiency or because he or she is younger than the age of consent (which varies among states from 14 to 18 years; Stromberg, 2017). The crime of rape requires only slight penetration of the outer vulva or rectum; full erection and ejaculation are not necessary. Forced acts of oral sex and anal penetration, although they frequently accompany rape, are legally considered sodomy, which is still sexual assault. The person who is raped may Also be physically beaten and injured. Rape can occur between strangers, acquaintances, married persons, and persons of the same sex, though seven states define domestic violence in a way that excludes same-sex victims. Only 28% of rapes are committed by strangers, 7% for child victims (Rape Abuse & Incest National Network [RAINN], 2018).

A phenomenon called date rape (acquaintance rape) may occur on a first date, on a ride home from a party, or when the two people have known each other for some time. It is more prevalent around or on college campuses. The rate of serious injuries associated with dating violence
Increases with increased consumption of alcohol by either the victim or the
Perpetrator.

Rape is a highly underreported crime, less than one-half of all rapes are
Estimated to be reported. The underreporting is attributed to the victim’s
Feelings of shame and guilt, the fear of further injury, and the belief that he or she has no recourse in the legal system. Victims of rape can be any age;
Reported cases have victims ranging in age from 15 months to 82 years. The
The highest incidence is in girls and women 16 to 24 years of age. Girls younger than 20 years were the victims in 80% of rapes reported (Stromberg, 2017).

Rape most commonly occurs in the victim’s neighborhood, often inside or near the home. Most rapes are premeditated. As many as 50% of female victims do not acknowledge a sexual assault, minimizing it as a misunderstanding or a lesser event (Stromberg, 2017). This is particularly true if the perpetrator is known to the woman or is in a power position, such as a manager at work, a family member, or someone of distinction in the Community.

Male rape is also significantly underacknowledged and underreported
Crime. It can occur between gay partners or strangers, but it is most prevalent and in institutions such as prisons. Over 80,000 male inmates are sexually assaulted each year, but the figure may be much higher; 60% of the sexual violence is perpetrated by prison or jail staff. This type of rape is particularly violent, and the dynamics of power and control correspond to that of heterosexual rape (RAINN, 2018).

Dynamics of Rape

Of men who commit rape, 50% are age 3030 and older; 25% are between 21 and 29. In terms of race, 57% are white. Alcohol is involved in 34% of cases.
Rape often accompanies another crime. Almost 75% of arrested rapists have
prior criminal histories, including other rapes, assaults, robberies, and
homicides (RAINN, 2018).

In the past, rape and its perpetrators were described in terms of motivation
or dynamics (e.g., power, anger, opportunity). Those categories weren’t
particularly useful since they were designed around the “rape by a stranger” idea, which is not usually the circumstance. It is generally accepted that rape is not a sexual crime but rather the perpetrator’s exertion of power, control, infliction of pain, or punishment for perceived wrongs.

Common Myths about Rape

  • Rape is about having sex.
  • When a woman submits to rape, she really wants it to happen.
  • Women who dress provocatively are asking for rape.
  • Some women like rough sex but later call it rape.
  • Once a man is aroused by a woman, he cannot stop his actions.
  • Walking alone at night is an invitation for rape.
  • Rape cannot happen between persons who are married.
  • Rape is exciting for some women.
  • Rape occurs only between heterosexual couples.
  • If a woman has an orgasm, it can’t be rape.
  • Rape usually happens between strangers.
  • Rape is a crime of passion.
  • Rape happens spontaneously.

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