Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death
Suicide is a type of deliberate self harm and is defined as an intentional human act of killing oneself.
Approximately 1.5 percent of people die by suicide. This is approximately 12 per 100,000 people in a given year. The rates of completed suicides are typically higher among men than among women, ranging from 1.5 times the rate in the developing world to 3.5 times the rate in the developed world.
The most commonly used method of suicide varies between countries and is partly linked to the availability of effective means. Popular methods of suicide include hanging, chemical poisoning, and weapons. Suicides resulted in 828,000 deaths worldwide in 2015, a rise from 712,000 deaths in 1990. This makes suicide the 10th leading cause of death worldwide.
- Psychiatric disorder
- Major depression.
- Drug or alcohol abuse.
- Personality disorder.
- Physical disorder
- Patients with incurable or painful physical disorders like, cancer and AIDS.
- Psychosocial factor
- Failure in examination
- Dowry Harassment
- Marital problem
- Loss of loved one/object
- Isolation and alienation from the social group
- Financial and occupational Difficulties.
- Risk factors for suicide
- Males above 40 years of age.
- Females above 55 years of age.
- Men have a greater risk factor of completed suicide
- Suicide is there a time more common in men than women
- Women have a higher rate of attempted suicide
- Being unmarried, divorced, widowed or separated
- Having a definite suicidal plan
- History of previous suicidal attempt
- Recent losses
If you are having suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1- 800-273-8255 for support and assistance from a trained counselor. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger.
Warning signs that someone may attempt suicide
However, some outward warning signs that a person may be contemplating suicide include:
- Talking about feeling hopeless, trapped, or alone
- Saying they have no reason to go on living
- Making a will or giving away personal possessions
- Searching for a means of doing personal harm, such as buying a gun.
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Eating too little or eating too much, resulting in significant weight gain or loss
- Engaging in reckless behaviors, including excessive alcohol or drug consumption
- Avoiding social interactions with others
- Expressing rage or intentions to seek revenge
- Showing signs of extreme anxiousness or agitation
- Having dramatic mood swings
- Talking about suicide as a way out.
Psychiatric disorder where the patient may develop suicidal Tendicies include:
This is one of the most common conditions associated with a high risk of suicide. Depressive episodes are due to pervasive and persistent sadness, past, present, and future cognition.
The delusion of remorse, helplessness, hopelessness, and useless negative voices encourage him to take his life.
The major risk factors among schizophrenia include the presence of associated depression, young age and high level of premorbid functioning.
Manic patients may occasionally grandiose idealization. The points may believe that he is great person, wish to prove his supernatural power.
Drug or alcohol abuse
Suicide among alcoholic can be due to depression in the withdrawals phase. Also the loss of friend and family, self-esteem respect, status and general realization of havoc alcohol has created in his life can cause the individual to wish to die.
Individual with histrionic and border line traits may occasionally attempt suicide.
Conditions such as delirium due to changes of mood like anxiety and depression may also induce suicidal tendency.